In this talk, I will take our recently proposed new type of spin-valley locking (SVL), named C-paired SVL, in antiferromagnetic systems. It directly connects the spin/valley space with the real space, and hence enables both static and dynamical controls of spin and valley to realize a multifunctional antiferromagnetic material. The new emergent quantum degree of freedom in the C-paired SVL is comprised of spin-polarized valleys related by a crystal symmetry instead of the time-reversal symmetry. Thus, both spin and valley can be accessed by simply breaking the corresponding crystal symmetry. Typically, one can use a strain field to induce a large net valley polarization/magnetization and use a charge current to generate a large noncollinear spin current. We predict the realization of the C-paired SVL in monolayer V2Se2O, which indeed exhibits giant piezomagnetism and can generate a large transverse spin current. Based on symmetry analysis and first-principles calculations, we also found C-paired SVL can exist in the following experimentally verified AFM materials, NaOsO3, LaMnO3, LaCrO3, TbFeO3, MnTe, RuO2, MnF2, FeF2, CoF2, and NiF2. Our findings provide new opportunities to integrate various controls of spin and valley with nonvolatile information storage in a single material, which is highly desirable for versatile fundamental research and device applications.
Reference: Nature Communications 12, 2846 (2021)
个人简介(About the speaker):
Prof. Junwei Liu obtained his Bachelor of Science from Xi'an Jiaotong University in 2009 and PhD from Tsinghua University in 2014. After spending three years for his postdoctoral research work in MIT, Prof. Liu then joined the Department of Physics in HKUST in 2017. Prof. Liu has a very broad interest in condensed matter physics and quantum physics, varying from the traditional phenomena like ferroelectricity to the exotic topological phases like quantum spin Hall insulators. Currently, his research focuses on two parts: 1) explore new phase of quantum matter including both symmetry-breaking phases and topological phases, and their novel properties, material realizations, experimental signatures and potential applications; 2) combination of advanced machine learning techniques and quantum physics, especially the combination of machine learning techniques and quantum Monte Carlo simulations and all optical neural networks. With his collaborators, Prof. Liu has made progresses in the past several years in various directions including topological materials, atomic-thin ferroelectricity, self-learning Monte Carlo method, fully-functioned all-optical neural network and C-paired spin-valley locking. He has published more than 50 papers including 2 in Science, 1 in Nature, 1 in Nature Physics, 3 in Nature Materials, 6 in Nature Communications, 2 in Physical Review Letters, 1 in Optica, 2 in Nano letters, 1 in Physical Review Materials, 1 in Adv. Mater., 2 in Physical Review Applied and 21 in Physical Review B. He received the award “National Natural Science Foundation of China Excellent Young Scientist 2020 (Hong Kong and Macau)”.